What Is Padma Bhushan?

Padma Bhushan- 

The Padma Bhushan, which means the "World Peace medal," is one of the highest civilian awards in India. It was instituted by the Indian Government on 2 January 1954 as a tribute to various persons who have made significant contributions towards peace in Asia.

According to Article 5 of the Indian Constitution, it is the prerogative of the government to issue the Padmavati Padmanabhumi Award, which is given posthumously to a person who has merited the award, following the death of the person concerned. The Padma Bhushan, on the other hand, is awarded on the recommendation of the Chief Justice of India. Instituted by the Ministry of Finance on 1 April 1950, this award is conferred on individuals who have been instrumental in the development of a particular policy or system.

As per the law, the Padmanabhumi Bhushan cannot be given to an individual who is in jail for a criminal offense. In addition, it can only be presented posthumously for a person who has died as a consequence of the execution of a sentence or a decision of a civil court. Persons who were a part of the armed forces who were discharged under dishonourable conditions or soldiers who have fallen prisoner of war do not enjoy the privilege of being awarded the Bhushan.

The award of the Bhushan must be supported by a "desh bhagavata." This document is prepared by the Chief Justice and should contain information about the recipient's achievements in all fields of endeavour. The recipient may be also awarded a "shastra bhagavata" by the Chief Justice for additional emphasis on his/her contributions to the field of law.

There are two ways by which the Bhushan can be awarded. The first way is through the Prime Minister of India or his/her representative, who can also be any member of the government including a Cabinet Minister. The second way is through the Chief Justice of India and his/her representative. The award of the Bhushan is also presented in two different formats, namely, by personal letter and by post.

The most common format by which the Bhushan is presented is through the personal letter. The individual receiving the Bhushan may either send the letter personally or by post to the recipient. If the recipient is a resident of India, he/she may also include his/her name and the date of birth in the name of the recipient in the Bhushan. For non-Indian recipients, the name of the recipient is written after the personal and last initial of the name in Padmanabhumi.

The second method of presenting the Bhushan can also be done through the post. The post office in India or the postal authorities of the recipient's place of residence, along with his/her name and date of birth in Padmanabhumi are the authorized places of delivery. Alternatively, if the recipient lives abroad and needs to receive the award from India, then the recipient may also submit an application along with his/her personal details.

There are various websites on the internet that provide details about the history of the Bhushan and also help people to understand the different aspects of this award. The Bhushan also has some unique rules and regulations that govern its award. For further details about the rules, the award criteria and procedures, one should consult a professional lawyer who specialized in this area.

A Bhushan is awarded to a person who is an outstanding human resource in a particular field. It has been defined as an award conferred on an individual who has made exceptional contributions to a specific field. There are some categories under which a person can be awarded the award. They include but are not limited to:

The Bhushan is generally awarded during any function that is related to the law. Most of the awards are given by the Prime Minister of India. In some cases, the awards are presented by the Chief Justice of India and his/her representative. An award can also be conferred by the President of India and his/her representative.

The awards are conferred by the judges, professors and lawyers who are well known for their contribution to the field of law. They are also awarded by the President of India and his/her representatives.

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